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    As you sort through vast amounts of information to find ways to help your child with learning difficulties, you're likely to find many acronyms. If you're not sure what they represent, it may be difficult to gain a full understanding of the material you're reading. So to assist you in the process, here are some common acronyms and the words they stand for:

    ABA

    Applied Behavior Analysis

    ADA

    Americans with Disabilities Act

    ADR

    Alternative Dispute Resolution

    ADD; AD/HD; ADHD; ADD/In

    Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder; ADD Inattentive

    AP

    Advanced Placement

    AP; APD

    Auditory Processing Disorder

    ARD

    Admission, Review, and Dismissal (Committee)

    ASD

    Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ASL

    American Sign Language

    AT

    Assistive Technology

    BIP; BMP

    Behavior Intervention Plan; Behavior Management Plan

    BOE

    Board of Education

    CAP; CAPD

    Central Auditory Processing Disorder

    CAST

    Center for Applied Special Technology

    CBA

    Curriculum-Based Assessment

    CCLD

    Coordinated Campaign for Learning Disabilities

    CEC

    Council for Exceptional Children

    CFR

    Code of Federal Regulations

    CHADD

    Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    COPAA

    The Council of Parent Attorneys and Advocates

    CPSE

    Committee on Preschool Special Education

    CSE

    Committee on Special Education

    DCD

    Developmental Coordination Disorder

    DD

    Developmentally Disabled; Developmentally Delayed

    DOH

    Department of Health

    DSM-V

    Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Fifth Edition

    ED

    Emotionally Disturbed

    ELL

    English Language Learner

    ERIC

    Educational Resources Information Center

    ESL

    English as Second Language

    ESY

    Extended School Year Services

    ETS

    Educational Testing Service

    FAPE

    Free Appropriate Public Education

    FAQ

    Frequently Asked Questions

    FERPA

    Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

    fMRI

    Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    FSP

    Family Support Plan

    GE

    General Education

    GPA

    Grade Point Average

    HI

    Hearing Impaired

    HOH

    Hard of Hearing

    HS

    High School

    IDEA

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    IEE

    Independent Educational Evaluation

    IEP

    Individualized Education Program

    ID

    Intellectual Disabiltiy

    K-12

    Kindergarten through 12th Grade

    LEA

    Local Education Agency

    LD

    Learning Disability

    LDA

    Learning Disability Association

    LRE

    Least Restrictive Environment

    MDT

    Multidisciplinary Team

    MH

    Multiply Handicapped

    MRI

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    MS

    Middle School

    NCLD

    National Center for Learning Disabilities

    NICHCY

    National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities formerly National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities

    NICHD

    National Institute for Child Health and Human Development

    NIH

    National Institutes of Health

    NILD

    National Institute for Learning Disabilities

    NIMH

    National Institutes of Mental Health

    NLD;NVLD

    Nonverbal Learning Disability

    OCD

    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

    OCR

    Office for Civil Rights

    ODD

    Oppositional Defiant Disorder

    OG; O-G

    Orton Gillingham [reading method]

    OHI

    Other Health Impaired

    OT

    Occupational Therapist; Occupational Therapy

    PSAT

    Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test

    PT

    Physical Therapist; Physical Therapy

    PTA

    Parent-Teacher Association

    PTI

    Parent Training and Information (Center)

    PTSD

    Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    RFBD

    Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic

    RSP

    Resource Specialist Program

    SAT

    Scholastic Aptitude Test

    SD

    School District

    SED

    State Education Department; Severely Emotionally Disturbed

    SI

    Sensory Integration

    SLD

    Specific Learning Disability

    SLP

    Speech and Language Program

    SP/Lang, SP/LG

    Speech and Language

    SPED

    Special Education

    SSI

    Supplemental Security Income (related to Social Security)

    SST

    Student Support Team

    TESOL

    Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

    URL

    Uniform Resource Locator [website address]

    V/V

    Verbalization/Visualization

    WIAT

    Wechsler Individual Achievement Test

    WISC

    WAIS

    WPPSI

    Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

    Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

    Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence

    WJ; WJ (IV)

    Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-educational Battery (Fourth Edition)