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Constantine became co-emperor of Rome.
Constantine becomes sole ruler of Rome.
Constantinople becomes capital of Roman Empire
Sons of Constantine rule
Julian, a general, rules
Series of other emperors
Roman Empire in the west fell.
Justinian, a Macedonian, rules Byzantine Empire
Theodora, Justinian's wife, convinces husband to fight rebellion.
Rebels were trapped and 300,000 killed.
Plague strikes Constantinople.
Killed 10,000 people a day. By end of summer 300,000 had died.
Byzantine Empire reduced to Greek territories.
Now had one religion, one language, and one culture.
Emperor Leo III bans icons
Eastern Ortodox and Roman Catholic churches separate.
Empire's borders were safe, not as many soldiers needed.
Turkish armies capture Constantinople.