Tennis

  • Physical Education                                      Ms. Szablewski

    Review Sheet                                                                 Tennis

     

    History:

              Tennis originated in France during the 12th or 13th century.  Players used the palm of their hand to hit a ball back and forth over a net on an indoor court.  Major W.C. Clapton introduced a modern version of the sport in Wales to be played on grass.  He named this version with its rules and equipment- sphairistike- Greek for playing ball.  The game quickly spread to England and became the most popular outdoor game in the country.  It was called lawn tennis and its first major championship was played at Wimbledon in 1877. 

              The game was brought to the United States in 1874 by Mary Outerbridge and grew more and more popular throughout the 1920’s. It continued to grow in the years before and after World War II and beginning in the 1960’s with television coverage, sponsored events, and the accomplishments of young players and high profile professionals, tennis was brought into mainstream America. 

     

    Objective:

              Two or four player using regulation tennis rackets compete to score points by hitting a tennis ball over a net and out of an opponent’s reach.

     

    Playing Field:

              Surface - grass, clay, composite, hard or carpet.

     

              Service Courts- between the service line and the net.  They divide the service area into two courts.  On a serve, the hit ball must land within this area to be a legal serve.

     

              Back Court- the area of the court located between the service line and the baseline.

     

              Net- made of cord and stretched across the middle of the court from sideline to sideline.  It is 3’ high in the center and 3’6” high at the supporting posts.

     

    Baseline- the back boundary line of the court.

     

    Sidelines- the side boundary lines on the court.  There are two sets of sidelines, single sidelines (27’) and doubles sidelines (36’)

     

    Racket- used to strike the tennis ball.

     

    Ball- made of hollow rubber with a fabric cover.  It is about 2 ½”  in diameter and weighs about 2 ounces.

     

    Game Play:

              The game may be played indoors or outdoors.  Games may be played between two players, four players or a male and female on each team.  The winner of a racket spin chooses to serve or to receive and select at which end of the court to begin play.

     

    -         Players serve from behind the right hand court diagonally into the opponent’s service court. 

    -         Service continues after the initial serve from alternate courts after each point.

    -         Players keep the serve for a complete game and alternate throughout the set.

    -         The ball must cross the net without bouncing and land in the receiver’s service court.

    -         If the first serve is a fault, the player gets a second serve.  If another fault occurs, this is a double fault and the server loses a point.

    -         An ace is a serve that the receiver can not play.

    -         Lines are considered good and the ball should be played.

     

    Scoring:

              Either side can score points.  A zero score is called Love.  The first point is 15, the second is 30 and the third is 40.  The fourth point scored wins the game unless the score is tied at 40. 

    -         The first player to score 4 points and win by 2 wins the game.

    -         The first player to win six games and lead by 2 wins the set.

    -         The first player to win 2 sets in women’s or mixed or 3 sets in men’s wins the match.

    -         The servers score is always given first.

     

     

    KEY WORDS: 

     

    Ace:  A winning serve that the receiver cannot return with the racket.

     

    Backhand:           A stroke that that a player hits by reaching across the body to hit on the non-dominant side.

     

    Baseline:   the back boundary line on the court.  It runs parallel and 39 feet from the net.

     

    Doubles:   a match played with four players.

     

    Racket Face:   the flat hitting surface formed by the strings and the racket head.

     

    Forehand:   A stroke that a player hits from the dominant side of the body.

     

    Grip: the manner in which a racket is held.  Also, the part of the racket where it is held.

     

    Let:   a serve that hits the top of the net and lands in the proper service court.  Also, the word used to call for a replay of a point.

     

    Match:   Competition between two players in singles, four players in doubles or between two teams.

     

    Serve:   The shot used to put the ball into play at the beginning of a point.

     

    Set:   The part of a match that has been completed when a player or team has won at least 6 games and is ahead by at least 2 games.

     

    Sideline:   The boundary line that runs from the net to the baseline.  A court has both singles and doubles sidelines.

     

    Volley:   a shot hit before the ball bounces on the court.