Physical Education Archery Review
Parts of the Bow:
Cam - bottom part of the bow pulley system that holds the bow string on track.
Idler wheel - top wheel of the bow pulley system that holds the bow string on track.
Bow grip- part of the bow that is held by the archer. (black handle)
Nock Locator- raised area on bow string that shows the archer where to nock the arrow.
Arrow Rest - little arm that holds that arrow.
Sight Window - small cut out area of the bow frame that allows the archer to look down the arrow or at the target.
Limbs – upper and lower sections that give the bow its shape and that can be adjusted to increase or decrease draw strength.
Parts of the Arrow
Point - tip of that arrow.
Shaft - long portion of the arrow that determines its length.
Nock – horseshoe end of the arrow that attaches to the bow string.
Fletching- veins attached to arrow shaft
Index Fletch- Odd colored fletching on arrow.
Whistle Commands and Procedures
Two Blasts – Archers may walk from waiting line to the shooting line. Archers will then straddle the shooting line and put the cam of the bow on their toe.
One Blast – Archers may load their bows and teacher will check to make sure they have the arrows nocked properly. Archers then can begin shooting.
After arrows are shot, archers should hang bow on bow rack and return to waiting line.
Three Blasts – Archers may walk to the target line to retrieve arrows. Archers should wait at the target line for teacher to say partner number 1 go retrieve arrows. You only want one person removing arrows at a time so no one gets injured!
Five or More Blasts – Emergency Whistle- “STOP SHOOTING and put your arrow back in your quiver.”
Glossary of Archery Terms
Anchor: Consistent placement of the drawing hand to a position on the face, mouth or jaw.
Arrow rest: The horizontal projection on the bow upon which the arrow lies.
Compound bow: A hand-held, hand-drawn bow that uses a pair of cables and wheels to store more energy.
Draw: To pull the bow string back. Also the distance the bowstring is pulled back.
Dry Fire: To shoot a bow without an arrow. This an damage the bow.
Fletching/Fletch: The feathers, plastic vanes or other devices attached to the arrow shaft, which stabilize the flight of an arrow.
Follow-through: Maintaining the motion of the upper body muscles after releasing the string.
Full-draw: The position of the archer when the bowstring has been draw to the anchor point.
Group: To shoot arrows in a pattern, or the pattern of the arrows in the target.
Index Fletch- The odd color fletching on the arrow. It is important to nock the arrow with the index fletch pointing away from the bow and toward the archer.
Limb: Upper or lower part of the bow that bends when the string is drawn back. The part of the bow where the energy is stored.
Nock: To place the arrow on the string. Also the attachment to the rear end of an arrow, which is placed on the bowstring and holds the arrow on the string.
Nock locator: The mark or device that indicates where the arrow is to be placed on the string.
Point: the sharp part of the arrow that sticks into the target.
Quiver: The storage unit where the arrows are held.
11 Steps to Archery Success
1. Stance: Each student should straddle the shooting line with one foot on either
side. If the archer is right-handed, the left foot should be over the shooting line
toward the target line. To establish correct foot placement begin with both feet
together and toes even or “closed.” Then move the foot closest to the target
(front foot) back so these toes are even with the mid-point of the back foot. Then,
while maintaining this mid-point toe placement, move the front foot toward the
target so the feet are shoulder-width apart. Then turn (open) the front foot toward
the target. Imagine the shooter is facing a 12 o’clock position. The toes of the
back foot should be pointed to 12 o’clock, parallel to the shooting line. The
toes of the front foot should be pointing toward 10 o’clock for a right-handed
shooter and 2 o’clock for a left-handed shooter. Stand vertical with your head up
and knees firm with slight pressure on the inside of both knees and feet.
2. Nock Arrow: With your bow in your bow hand, withdraw an arrow from the floor
quiver by grasping the arrow below the fletching. Keeping your bow as vertical as
possible, carry the arrow up and over the top of the bow. With the different
colored “index fletching” pointed toward you, snap the arrow’s nock under the nock locator(s). The arrow shaft should be placed on the arrow rest.
3. Drawing Hand Set: With your bow at arm’s length and pointed down, grasp the
string immediately under the nock at least to the first joint of the 1st and 3rd
finger and slightly inside the joint of the middle finger forming a hook. Keep the
back of the hand flat and the thumb down and relaxed.
4. Bow Hand Set: Place your hand in the bow grip with the meaty part of your
thumb inside the grip to the lifeline of your palm. The lifeline should be aligned
over the center of the bow’s grip. When set properly the knuckles of your bow
hand should form a 30- to 45-degree angle. At the same time your bow hand is
set, rotate your elbow down to the left (for right-handed archer). This hand and
elbow position allows for improved string clearance of the bow arm.
5. Pre-Draw: Starting with your bow arm hanging relaxed at your side, lift your arm
allowing it to hinge at your shoulder so your shoulder will remain level. Your
drawing hand will remain hooked around the bow string with the bow un-drawn.
The drawing arm will be slightly higher than the bow arm. The drawing hand, arm
and elbow should be parallel to the floor or ground.
6. Draw: Pull or draw the string toward the right side of your face (right-handed
archer) by rotating your hips and your shoulder around until your elbow is slightly
in front of the arrow line. You want the feeling of getting in behind the bow. You
should feel your upper back muscles being activated.
7. Anchor: Anchor by touching your index finger to the corner of your mouth. Keep
muscles active while maintaining full draw.
8. Aiming: Your master eye is your rear sight and needs to be consistent in
location as it relates to the anchor. Think of sighting as an alignment between
your eye, the string and your front sight. In bare bow archery (without sights) your
front sight would be either your arrow or some part of your bow riser or both.
Allow your bow to move naturally—a perfectly still bow is unnatural. Be aware of
the target and the sight. Keep your muscles active during the sighting process.
9. Shot Set-Up: After you have reached your anchor and begun your sight
alignment, you need to create a slight movement from your drawing shoulder
and/or arm to the rear. You can initiate the release anytime during this rearward
10. Release: The release is a combination of relaxing your fingers and the back of
your hand all at once. All your arm and back muscles remain active during this
11. Follow-Through/Reflection: Upon release, your drawing hand will move
rearward with your fingers relaxed and end up with your thumb touching or near
your drawing shoulder. The shoulder should hinge so your elbow can move
down. The bow arm moves a bit forward then slightly both left (right for lefthanded
shooter) and down. After follow-through, reflect upon the position of your
drawing and bow hand to see that they are in the proper ending positions as a
result of having kept your muscles active throughout the shot sequence.
Why shoot with 3 Fingers?Some experienced archers will question placing three fingers under the arrow nock rather than one finger above and two below. Three fingers under the arrow prevents twisting of the bow string and reduces the likelihood that the arrow will fall off the arrow